homemade latch hook rug

Beginners guide to Latch hook rug making. Learn how to latch hook, create your own pillow, rug or wall hanging.

Making a Latch Hook Rug

     ● Latch Hook Tools
     ● Printed Canvases
     ● Blank Canvases
     ● Yarn/Wool
     ● Other Equipment
Learning to Latch Hook
     ● Learn in a minute
     ● Large Rugs 1
     ● Large Rugs 2
     ● Large Rugs 3
     ● Large Rugs 4
Hints and Tips
Further Resources
How Wool is Processed
Types of Wool

Types of Wool

What is Wool?

Wool is the fibre that can be found growing on the body of a certain animal, such as a rabbit, goat, sheep or camel. Wool can be cut from the animal, after which the wool will re-grow again. Wool is a general term we often use when talking about fabrics that are made out of fleece, however each fleece is different and therefore each wool fabric has its own properties.

Most Popular Types of Wool

Sheep’s Wool
This is a traditional wool that can be made from any sheep fleece.

Merino Wool
Merino wool is made from Merino sheep. It is characteristically fine with a soft appearance to the fabric. Merino wool is often quite expensive, and is different than other types of wool due to its resistance to pilling.

Mohair Wool
Mohair is made from Mohair goat. This type of hair is not very soft and people often find it to be quite itchy to wear directly against the skin. It is often used against another material, where the benefits of the fleece can be used without direct skin contact.

Angora Wool
Angora wool is made from Angora rabbit hair. Angora wool is very fluffy, and has a fluffy surface texture to touch. This type of wool is quite expensive, as it is made from a particular breed of rabbit, and the size of these animals. Angora is often used with Nylon, to improve fabric stability.

Cashmere Wool
Cashmere wool is made from cashmere goats. The wool is quite soft and luxurious. The fibres used to make cashmere wool are from specific areas of the goats fleece, which causes this wool to be quite expensive.

Alpaca Wool
Alpaca wool is made from Peruvian alpaca’s. Alpaca fleece is a lustrous, silky wool and also very soft to touch. The wool is hypoallergenic as it contains no lanolin, it isn’t prickly and also warmer than most wool’s.

Wool Qualities

Wool fibre is extremely flexible, wool fibres can be bent more than 30,000 times without breaking or damaging. This is due to the way in which wool fibres are made up and their cellular structure.

Wool fibres can absorb moisture vapour, and also repel liquid. There isn’t currently a synthetic fibre that can combine these attributes.

Wool fibre is able to absorb dye really well without the use of chemicals. This allows wool to have very clear, rich colours. Wool fibre is very absorbent and therefore comfortable to wear both in warm and cold weather. When the air is warm, wool picks up perspiration and maintains a layer of dry insulating air next to the skin. When the air is cold and damp, wool absorbs moisture and keeps a layer of dry insulating air next to the skin. This makes the body’s natural warming and cooling system work better.

Wool fibres resists pilling, snagging and breaking. Items made from wool often outlast synthetic items.

Wool fibres naturally resist flames. Wool does not melt and stick to the skin like other fabrics when on fire. Wool fibres usually smoulder or char instead of burning into flames.

The itchiness of wool that some people often notice is related to the diameter of the fibres. People often experience discomfort if more than 3 or 4 percent of the fibres are over 28 microns thick in diameter. Wool can also be treated with chemicals or mixed with other fibres to remove the itchiness of the fibres.

Taking care of woollen products

It is often recommended not to wash wool items in a washing machine or dry in a tumble drier. Wool items usually have to be dry cleaned, although some items can often be hand washed or even washed in a washing machine.

Before washing any wool items, always check the label.

If you want to hand wash your wool items:

  • Clean wool items using cool water and a mild detergent. Do not use hot water.

  • Put the item in water and allow to soak for 5 or so minutes. Gently squeeze to allow water to move through the fabric.

  • Rinse with coool water.

  • Squeeze gently again to remove any excess water. Do not wring the item.

  • To dry, lay the item down on a flat surface and allow to dry naturally.




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